Saturday, December 17, 2011

Unique Identity arrangement runs into bone and confusion

 Sometimes, to lay the piped gas line, at others, to fix a adulterated electric cable. Barely is it repaired than the telecom administration address it up afresh while the baptize lath and carrion advisers delay for their about-face to burrow a afresh paved stretch. Allocation amid assorted agencies would anticipate absurd duplication of effort, and save money, too. But that is not how things assignment in India. 
Residents can analyze with the plight of the alley appropriate now. Booty the case of Durgavati Devi, an apprenticed casual to Delhi from Azamgarh, UP. The alone certificate she bedevilled was her aborigine card. When the UID affected was captivated in her locality, she rushed to get registered, assertive the new ‘pehchan patra' would be her admission to BPL rations, a host of added abundance aliment and, best importantly, authorize her as a Delhiite. But alike as she waits for the postman to bear the bewitched 12-digit Aadhar number, she has learnt that the demography men will ascendancy a National Population Register (NPR) affected soon, area she will acquire to abide her biometrics all over afresh for an character card. She is baffled, and so are abounding others.
The aldermanic continuing board on accounts afresh alone the government's National Character Ascendancy of India Bill, 2010, which was to accord acknowledged abetment to the ambitious, advancing UID project. The activity aims at registering up to 20 crore bodies by March 2012 and accouterment anniversary with a altered character number. To date, over 8.7 crore bodies acquire been registered by the UID and over 0500 crore spent. The board has now alone the bill for a host of reasons. 
A above argument was that no cost-benefit assay was done afore acknowledging such an big-ticket arrangement vis a vis added methods like hologram-enabled allowance cards to annihilate affected beneficiaries. Another point was the abridgement of allocation amid government departments. The accounts admiral itself has several agencies accession advice on residents, all with the ultimate aim of carrying abundance schemes to those who best crave them. Added issues with the bill were abundantly about aegis apropos over abusage of claimed data.
Where, then, does this development leave Nandan Nilekani's aggressive exercise? The accounts committee, while abnegation the present draft, asked the government to accompany alpha legislation afore Parliament. While this agency that no one is talking anon about auctioning the UID, it is not acceptable to get approved abetment anytime soon, either. This, in effect, takes the burnish off the 12-digit cardinal and additionally raises the affair over how the biometric actual calm so far will be adequate after a law in place. Of course, the chiffonier charge not acquire the committee's decision, but with 29 of 30 associates in the board adjoin the project, demography this attitude won't be easy, either. 
Nilekani maintains the UID is alive appear the March-end deadline. At a address in Delhi, he emphasised that the UID was not an I-card provider, but an electronical cardinal generator. It was up to assorted agencies in approaching to articulation the cardinal to facilitate commitment of services, he said, advertence a pilot activity in Jharkhand area NREGA payments were actuality fabricated anon to coffer accounts enabled by Aadhar. He added that agencies like the authorization appointment and Election Commission would acquire to run their own checks.
Does this beggarly that all the activity associated with the UID agenda was aloof that, a hoopla? Anil Swaroop of the RSBY affected aloft this affair at the aforementioned lecture, saying, “We called the UID to a position area it would break all problems. Yet, the aboriginal UID cardinal holders in Maharashtra are still aggravating to amount whether it will accomplish the Public Distribution Arrangement accessible to them.” He acquainted that unless some amount was anon imparted to the UID number, absorption in the UID would wane.
Meanwhile, the appointment of the Registrar General and Demography Abettor of India has fabricated abundant advance with the NPR. “The aboriginal appearance of the NPR was done forth with the domiciliary analysis of the 2011 Census. We acquire digitised over 32 crore entries and the biometric exercise is accepted in all the littoral states, Delhi, Manipur and Nagaland,” asserted C. Chandramouli, registrar-general and demography abettor of India. The biometrics of about 85 lakh bodies acquire already been grabbed, and 06,000 crore has been spent on the aboriginal phase. The borderline for commutual the NPR exercise is December 2012. The coasts are actuality covered aboriginal because column 26/11, the affair of littoral aegis was aloft and a charge for establishing character proofs actively felt.
How is the NPR altered from the UID, then, and which is added important? “The NPR has the approved abetment to affair an character card, the UID is aloof a number,” Chandramouli explained. It got acknowledged sanction in 2003. “The NPR allotment is a compulsatory exercise, the UID voluntary. The UID can be generated anywhere in India and is not absolutely a residential proof; the NPR gives residential information. It will be the aboriginal base on which aborigine analysis will eventually be done,” the abettor added. His appointment will activate arising NPR cards by mid-2012. The NPR card, too, won't acquire annihilation affiliated to it initially; it will be up to assorted agencies to use it to facilitate deliveries.
Why again was the UID activity launched? Chandramouli declared that because of the continued evolution of the NPR project, there was a charge to cycle out a quicker character bearing arrangement for bodies who best bare it. “The UID's authorization is alone 20 crore up to March 2012. Above that date and number, the NPR will booty over.” And how does this aggregation happen? This is article that no one is abiding of, or accommodating to analyze at this stage. In several states, the UID and NPR biometric recordings are absolutely activity on concomitantly. Nilekani said, “Let the chiffonier animadversion on the UID/NPR chaos.” He beforehand acclaimed that above his 20 crore mandate, the cardinal bearing would acquire to be taken by some added authority, if not the UID itself.
Observers feel that the UID will not appear to blank as it is Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's pet activity and abnormally back the chiffonier has absent face with accepting to abjure several decisions. Unfortunately, the UID additionally seems to be bent in a altercate amid clashing factions of the government itself, with the home and accounts ministries not seeing eye to eye.
All this makes no faculty to the residents, who are alpha to catechism why they should booty allotment in any numeration exercise, biometric or otherwise. “What are we accepted to do, aloof accumulate accession numbers?” asked Ravi Sharma, a government officer. “First, we had to get the PAN number, again the UID, now the NPR. As a careful citizen, I got my absolute ancestors registered for the UID, the exercise took a few hours. Now we apprentice these may not alike abate red-tape or cardboard work, balloon carrying services. Now the actual actuality of UID is beneath a cloud. If this is a joke, it is a actual big-ticket one.”

Source : theweek